Rabbits and Guinea Pigs are great pets that have character, are extremely sociable, enjoy the company of humans and are a great way of introducing young children to pet ownership. They are quiet, clean and are easily toilet trained.
While loving company, they can be left alone during the day and are therefore suitable for people who work or are away from home. A predator-proof enclosure to ensure their safety is essential. An appropriate enclosure is a hutch that is divided into two connecting compartments, one a wire mesh to allow access to natural light and fresh air, while the other is enclosed to provide protection against weather and a secure sleeping place. The floor of your rabbit's hutch should be covered with newspaper, with a layer of bedding material like straw, grass, hay or shredded paper for warmth, comfort and to prevent pressure sores on your bunny’s feet. Consider extreme weather conditions and ventilation when choosing a location for your hutch. Guinea pigss in particular are extremely sensitive to the hot summer temperatures we experience in Australia and may die of heat stroke if their hutch is not in a cool, shady position.
Regular handeling will be of benefit in keeping them tame and it is recommended that you let them have some time out of their hutch on a daily basis to move around. Be careful of other pets such as dogs when your little fluffy friends are roaming free.
For rabbits and long haired guinea pigs using a soft brush to remove dead hairs, tangles and pieces of garden matter should form part of your daily routine.Grass seeds can commonly become stuck in their eyes, ears and nose, causing irritation or even infection. Check your rabbit’s rear end daily to make sure it is clean and dry, if soiled it is very prone to fly strike.
Feeding and nutrition is the most important factor in making sure your pets stay healthy. Many commercial rabbit foods don't contain enough fibre (18 - 20% is required) and are too high in fats and sugars. Rabbits are herbivores so their diet should consist almost entirely of vegetable matter. Pellets and mixes should not form a main part of the diet. Grass or hay is an essential dietary component to ensure your rabbit’s health. Apart from providing a high fibre diet, chewing hay wears down their continuously-growing teeth and keeps them occupied, preventing boredom. Ideally,feed your bunny 85% hay and 15% veggies such as Asian greens or endive (lettuce and cabbage can cause diarrhoea). Treats such as fruits, root veggies(carrots), capsicum and pellets should only be offered in small amounts (1 - 2 tablespoons per day per rabbit).
Guinea pigs can be fed a similar diet to rabits however it is more important for them to recieve some Vitamin C in their Diet. This can be done simply by offering small ammount od carrots and other fresh vegetables on a daily basis.
Fresh water should always be available using both a drip feed bottle and an open container.
Routine veterinary care for rabbits includes vaccination against calicivirus and desexing (females can become quite aggressive when mature and are very prone to reproductive cancers).
We also recommend desexing for guinea pigs. This helps reduce the incidence of many diseases including ovarian cysts.
Like all animals your 'pocket pets' should have regular veterinary checks, especially to check their teeth and claws.
At Vet 2 Pet we welcome you to book an appointment with us to discuss how to keep your rabbit or guinea pig in optimal health.