There are two broad categories of worms that may affect our pet dogs and cats: heartworm and intestinal worms.
For more information specifically on intestinal worms, please see the tab under 'Healthcare Services'.
Heartworm, or Dirofilaria immitis, is a parasite that is spread by mosquitoes. Your pet does not need to be in contact with other pets to become infected.
Heartworm has a complicated life cycle. Infected dogs have microfilaria, an immature form of heartworm, circulating in their bloodstream. Microfilariae are ingested by mosquitoes when feeding on the blood of infected dogs. The immature parasite develops into a heartworm larva inside the mosquito and a single bite from a carrier mosquito can infect your pet (dog or cat). As the worms mature in the heart they can cause a physical blockage, as well as thickening of the heart and associated blood vessels. In the early stages of infection, there may be no visible signs, however, heartworm infection may eventually lead to signs of heart failure (e.g. reluctance to exercise, lethargy, coughing) and even death. Heartworm is present throughout most of Australia (except Tasmania and arid areas).
Thankfully, heartworm is very easy to prevent and should form part of your pet health care routine. We have very effective preventative treatment options available including tablets, chews, spot-on's and even an annual injection for dogs administered by one of our vets. If your pet has not been on heartworm prevention, we strongly recommend a heartworm test prior to starting a prevention program, followed by a repeat test 6 months after commencing.