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Dog Vaccination

Disease and Vaccinations

Vaccination schedule for puppies:

  • 6 - 8 weeks of age
  • 10 - 12 weeks of age
  • 14 - 16 weeks of age
  • Annually

 

During these weeks your puppy should be vaccinated against the most common infectious diseases. There are two types of diseases, being viral and bacterial. 4 viral diseases have a combined vaccine called a C4. A C5 is including the bacterial disease and is usually what most kennels require if he/she was ever to go into a boarding kennel.

 

Canine Distemper

 

Also known as ‘Hard Pad’ is a viral disease which affects the gastrointestinal and central nervous system. This disease is spread through aerosol droplets and through the contact of bodily fluids. Indirect contact through contaminated water bowls, bedding, food bowls etc. with these bodily fluids can also be transmitted. Infected dogs can shed the virus for several months.

Symptoms can include: Discharge from the nose and eyes, coughing, fitting, disorientation, paralysis, vomiting and diarrhoea.

 

Infectious Canine Hepatitis

 

Also known as ‘Hepatitis’ is a viral disease which affects the liver and kidneys. This disease is spread via the ingestion of infected urine, faeces or saliva. Recovered dogs shed the virus in their urine for over 6 months.

Symptoms can include: Anorexia, thirst, conjunctivitis, discharge from the eyes and nose, abdominal pain, vomiting and fever.

 

Canine Parvovirus

 

Also known as ‘Parvo’ is a viral disease which affects the intestines. This disease is spread through direct contact with infected dogs and indirect contact through faecal contaminated objects/surroundings or even handlers. Recovered and infected dogs shed the virus in their faeces and can do for up to 3 weeks, even after infection. Recovered dogs may be carriers of the virus and shed periodically.

Symptoms can include: Lethargy, anorexia, fever, vomiting and diarrhoea.

 

Canine Parainfluenza Virus

 

Also known as ‘Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis’, ‘Kennel Cough’ or ‘Canine Cough’ this viral disease affects the trachea and bronchi of the respiration system. This disease is spread through aerosol droplets by sneezing and coughing. Is also spread via the contact of contaminated objects and directly.

Symptoms can include: Harsh, dry coughing, retching or gagging. Pneumonia.

 

Bordetella Bronchiseptica

 

Also known as ‘Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis’, ‘Kennel Cough’ or ‘Canine Cough’ this bacterial disease affects the trachea and bronchi of the respiration system. This disease is spread through aerosol droplets, by sneezing and coughing. This disease is also spread through the contact of contaminated objects and through direct contact.

Symptoms can include: Harsh, dry coughing, retching or gagging. Pneumonia.

 

Lepto Australis

Lepto Australis is a serious disease risk in some areas and can be fatal which affects the liver and kidneys. This disease is spread by the urine of small mammals such as bandicoots and rats. Typically by contaminated food and water but can also be transmitted through bite wounds. Increased risk where high rat populoations exist such as rubbish dumbs or green sugar cane cuttings. High risk areas are known to change when long periods of wet weather has occurred, when rat populations are forced to move.

Symptoms can include: Fever, vomitting, diarrhoea, muscle pain, coughing or respiratory distress, excessive thirst and jaundice.