Vaccination has revolutionised control of infectious diseases in our pets. It is essential that all pets are adequately vaccinated to help protect the pet population as a whole. Responsible pet care requires puppies to be given their initial course of vaccinations, but this cannot protect them for the rest of their lives. Due to the prevalence of Parvoviral Enteritis (Parvo) in North West Queensland, We recommend annual vaccination of adult dogs to maintain immunity against diseases.
Puppies are ‘temporarily’ protected against many diseases by antibodies received through their mother’s milk (colostrum). These maternal antibodies decline in the first few months of their lives, however until they drop sufficiently they can also neutralise vaccines. This is why a series of vaccinations are necessary for a puppy.
A puppies vaccination regime should start at 6 weeks of age. This vaccination delivers protection against four main infectious diseases in canines, Parvovirus, Distemper, Hepatitis and Kennel cough (Para influenza virus). To ensure adequate protection is received, booster vaccinations are required at 10 weeks, 12 weeks and 16 weeks of age. The vaccinations administered at 12 weeks and 16 weeks will generally include an oral vaccination against the bacteria Bordatella bronchiseptica (Kennel Cough).
WHAT IF MY PUPPY IS ALREADY OVER 6 WEEKS OF AGE AND HAS NOT RECEIVED A VACCINATION?
Puppies that have not been vaccinated at 6 weeks of age will receive an adjusted vaccination programmed to ensure these puppies develop adequate protection against the above diseases.
Adult Dog Vaccination
The immunity from puppy vaccination weakens over time and your pet can again become susceptible to disease. Annual health checks and booster vaccinations are required to provide the best protection for the life of your pet.
After Vaccination Care
Following vaccination your dog may be a little off-colour for a day or two, or have some slight swelling or tenderness at the injection site. Access to food and water and a comfortable area to rest are usually all that is required for a quick recovery. However, if the response seems more severe, you should contact us for advice.
Please give us a call to discuss a suitable vaccination regime for your new puppy or older dog.
INFECTIOUS DISEASES THAT WE VACCINATE AGAINST IN DOGS
Canine parvovirus is a disease that affects dogs of all ages but is most serious in young puppies. The virus attacks rapidly dividing cells like those in the intestinal lining causing bloody diarrhoea, uncontrollable vomiting and severe abdominal pain. Dogs will often die from severe dehydration and septicaemia and despite intensive veterinary care the survival rate is very low.
It is not necessary for your pup to have direct contact with other dogs for the disease to be spread. This virus is extremely resilient. It can live in the environment for up to 10 years! The virus can be transmitted in a variety of ways including contact with other dogs but it can come home with you on your shoes or car tyres. Outbreaks occur regularly in Mount Isa and we particularly see this disease in spring and autumn, however we do experience cases throughout the year.
We strongly recommend puppies avoid leaving the safety of your home until two weeks after their final puppy vaccination at 16 weeks of age.
Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect dogs of any age with young puppies being at the highest risk.
Symptoms vary but can include fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite and depression. Muscle tremors, fits and paralysis usually occur later in the disease. Treatment is usually ineffective and the recovery rate very low. Dogs that do recover may have permanent brain damage.
Canine hepatitis is a viral disease which, like distemper is extremely contagious and often fatal. Dogs of any age can become infected, however severe cases are rare in dogs over two years of age.
Symptoms include high fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and acute abdominal pain. In severe cases death can occur within 24 to 36 hours. Dogs that recover may develop long term liver and kidney problems and can act as carriers spreading the disease to other dogs for many months.
Canine cough is a condition produced by several highly infectious diseases, which can be easily spread wherever dogs congregate, such as dog parks, shows, obedience schools and boarding kennels. The infectious agents associated with canine cough are the bacterium known as Bordetella bronchiseptica and the canine viruses Para influenza and Adenovirus type 2.
Affected dogs have a dry hacking cough which can persist for several weeks. It is distressing for dogs and their owners.
Remember that up to date vaccinations are required for your pets visit to boarding kennels and catteries, animals in close contact are much more susceptible to passing disease. If this information is not requested it is advised to avoid using this facility. All vaccinations should be adminsitered at least 2 weeks before your pets visit to the kennels.