Dentistry is a rapidly growing area of veterinary science. We have seen a greater awareness over the last 25 years of its importance to the overall health of the animals we treat.
4 out of 5 dogs and cats over the age of 3 years have some sort of dental disease which may go unnoticed by their owners. Pets often dont show pain. Even pets with sore gums, infected mouths and broken teeth will continue to eat so owners may not see any problems.
Just like humans, pets’ teeth need looking after too! The health of their teeth and gum's has a significant impact on their overall quality of life. Imagine how your mouth would feel, and smell, if you never brushed your teeth. Imagine having a really bad toothache and not being able to tell anyone about it!
Dental disease begins with a build up of bacteria in your pet’s mouth. Bacteria, combined with saliva and food debris, can cause plaque to accumulate on the tooth. As calcium salts are deposited, plaque turns to tartar (brown or yellow material starting near the gum line of the tooth). Without proper preventive or therapeutic care, plaque and tartar build-up leads to periodontal disease, which affects the tissues and structures supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease can cause oral pain, tooth loss and even heart or kidney problems.
Common signs of dental disease, in order of severity, include:
•Yellow-brown tartar around the gum line
•Inflamed, red gums
•Change in eating or chewing habits (especially in cats)
•Pawing at the face or mouth
•Pain or bleeding when you touch the gums or mouth
If your pet is showing any of these signs of dental disease please book an appointment to see one of our veterinarians.
Early assessment and action can save your pet’s teeth!
How can I prevent dental disease?
Long-term control and prevention of dental disease requires regular home care. The best way to begin this is to accustom your pet from an early age.
Dental home care may include:
•Brushing teeth daily – just like us! This is the best form of dental hygiene. Pet toothbrushes and toothpaste are now available. Please do not use human toothpaste formulas on your pet as they are not designed to be swallowed and may be toxic.
•Feed pets raw meaty bones or special dental diets. This can help reduce the accumulation of tartar but can also run the risk of breaking the tooth. Choosing the right sized bone for the size of the animal is important.
•Use dental toys, chews, or teeth cleaning biscuits, all of which may help keep the teeth clean.
Regular and frequent attention to your pet's teeth may avoid the need for a professional dental clean under anaesthetic, and will also improve your pet's overall health.
In the months of July & August we hold 'Dental months' which is Vet wide to promote healthy dental care, we have discounted professional dentistry work & free dental checks.
What does a professional dental clean involve?
It is the same as a scale and polish done by a dentist for us. However, unlike us, our pets won’t sit still or open their mouth to allow a comprehensive cleaning of their teeth. For this reason our pets need to have a general anaesthetic for a professional dental clean. Your pet will need to be assessed by one of our veterinarians or experienced nurses. The degree of dental disease will be assessed to determine if extractions, antibiotics and anti-inflammatories will be required.
The assessment may also include a physical exam, blood tests and urine tests to ensure they are healthy prior to having an anaesthetic. Once anaesthetised, we can give the teeth a thorough cleaning using our specialised dental equipment. When your pet goes home we will also discuss methods of reducing dental disease in the future.
Once a year, generally around July/August we have what we call ‘dental months’ where we encourage pet owners to come in and get free dental checks & discounted dentals if required. We do this to make owners aware of what is available for their pet’s dental health & to continue a dental regime for the rest of the year. Yearly dental checks are recommended and can be done in these months.
If you have any questions about dental care or professional cleaning please do not hesitate to contact us.