Vaccination has revolutionised control of infectious disease in our pets. It is essential that all pets are adequately vaccinated to help protect the pet population as a whole. Responsible pet care requires puppies to be given their initial course of vaccinations, but this cannot protect them for the rest of their lives. Adult dogs require regular vaccination to maintain immunity against disease.
Puppies are ‘temporarily’ protected against many diseases by antibodies received through their mother’s milk. These maternal antibodies decline in the first few months of their lives, however until they drop sufficiently they can also neutralise vaccines. This is why a series of vaccinations is necessary in a puppy.
As we cover areas where parvovirus is prevalent our puppy vaccination schedule has been carefully designed to provide the best protection from the earliest age possible. Making use of the better vaccines now available, our protocol consists of a series of 3 vaccinations given at 2 week intervals starting from 6 weeks of age, meaning your puppy has the best protection currently available, with full protection from as early as 12 weeks of age.
Whilst no vaccination can be guaranteed 100% due to variations in each individuals ability to mount an immune response, the vaccine we use is covered by a 'manufacturer guarantee' that if the vaccination protocol is followed correctly and your dog should develop parvovirus then the treatment costs will be covered.
Adult Dog Vaccination
The immunity from puppy vaccination weakens over time and your pet can again become susceptible to disease. Annual health checks and booster vaccinations, as required, will provide the best protection for the life of your pet. Whilst we do routinely use a triennial C3 (Parvovirus, Hepatitis, Distemper) that is administered only once every three years in adult dogs, annual health checks for your pets is still very important as a lot can change in your dogs health over 3 years being that it can be compared to 21 years aging to us.
After Vaccination Care
Following vaccination your dog may be off-colour for a day or two, or have some slight swelling or tenderness at the injection site. Access to food and water and a comfortable area to rest are usually all that is required for a quick recovery. However, if the response seems more severe, you should contact us for advice.
Please give us a call to discuss a suitable vaccination regime for your pet puppy or dog.
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF DOGS THAT WE VACCINATE AGAINST
Canine parvovirus is a disease that affects dogs of all ages but is most serious in young pups and older dogs. The most common cases we see are actually young dogs up to 12 months old, that didn't finish their primary course of puppy vaccinations. The virus attacks the intestines causing bloodstained diarrhoea, uncontrollable vomiting and severe abdominal pain. Dogs can die from severe dehydration despite intensive veterinary care.
It is not necessary to have direct contact with other dogs for the disease to be spread. Parvovirus can easily be brought into your yard or home on your shoes, car tyres or even flies. The virus is so persistent that the infected dog’s environment needs to be cleaned with a potent disinfectant to prevent spread to other dogs. Outbreaks occur regularly throughout Australia, especially in summer.
Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect dogs of any age with young puppies being at highest risk. Thankfully due to vaccination protocols we rarely see this disease anymore.
Symptoms vary but can include fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite and depression. Muscle tremors, fits and paralysis usually occur later in the disease. Treatment is usually ineffective and the recovery rate very low. Dogs that do recover may have permanent brain damage.
Canine hepatitis is a viral disease which, like distemper is extremely contagious and often fatal. Dogs of any age can become infected, however severe cases are rare in dogs over two years of age.
Symptoms include high fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and acute abdominal pain. In severe cases death can occur within 24 to 36 hours. Dogs that recover may develop long term liver and kidney problems and can act as carriers spreading the disease to other dogs for many months.
Canine cough is a condition produced by several highly infectious diseases, which can be easily spread wherever dogs congregate, such as parks, shows, obedience schools and boarding kennels. Among the infectious agents associated with canine cough is the bacterium known as Bordetella bronchiseptica and the canine viruses parainfluenza, adenovirus type 2 and distemper.
Affected dogs have a dry hacking cough which can persist for several weeks. It is distressing for pet dogs and their owners. It is a major problem for working and sporting dogs. Pneumonia can also be a consequence of infection.
Vaccination for canine cough can be done either via an injection or via an intranasal spray. Where suitable we aim to use the intranasal vaccine as it offers both systemic and local immunity within the nose of the dog, meaning that upon exposure to infection the dog mounts a much quicker immune response.