Vaccination is a means to control infectious disease in our pets. It is essential that all pets are adequately vaccinated to help protect the pet population as a whole.
Vaccination for cats and dogs commences when they are young, at 6-8wks through a primary vaccination followed up with a booster vaccination 4 weeks later. The immunity that the vaccinations provide is not life long therefore annual vaccinations should be administered to adult cats and dogs to ensure that the desired level of protection remains.
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF CATS THAT WE VACCINATE AGAINST
Feline Enteritis (also known as Feline Panleucopenia)
It is a very contagious disease with a high mortality rate, especially in young cats. Clinical signs can include depression, loss of appetite, uncontrollable vomiting and diarrhoea, often with blood and severe abdominal pain. Infection in pregnant cats may result in loss of pregnancy or deformed kittens to be born,
Feline Respiratory Disease (Cat flu)
It is caused a majority of the time by feline herpesvirus (feline rhinotracheitis) and/or feline calicivirus.
Feline respiratory disease affects cats of all ages, especially young kittens. It is highly contagious and causes sneezing, coughing, runny eyes, nasal discharge, loss of appetite and tongue ulcers. This disease has a low mortality rate but can persist in infected animals for a prolonged period.
Chlamydia (also known as Chlamydophila)
Feline Chlamydia causes a severe persistent conjunctivitis in a number of cases.
Kittens are more severely affected by Chlamydia when also infected with “Cat Flu”, and Chlamydia can be shed for many months. Vaccination against cat flu and Chlamydia helps protects against clinical disease.
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF DOGS THAT WE VACCINATE AGAINST
Canine parvovirus is a disease that is most common and affects dogs of all ages but is most serious in young pups. The virus attacks the intestines causing bloodstained diarrhoea, uncontrollable vomiting and severe abdominal pain. This disease can have a high mortality and even is the animal has had the appropriate treatment.
Parvovirus is persistent that the environment of an infected dog therefore it is greatly important that all dogs are vaccinated because contact with an infected dog is not required to become infected with parvo (i.e. it survives in the environment extremely well).
Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect dogs of any age with young puppies being at highest risk.
Symptoms vary but can include fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite and depression. Muscle tremors, fits and paralysis usually occur later in the disease.
Dogs of any age can become infected with Canine hepatitis, however severe cases are rare in dogs over two years of age.
Symptoms include high fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and acute abdominal pain. In severe cases death can occur within 24 to 36 hours. Dogs that recover may develop long term liver and kidney problems and can act as carriers, spreading the disease to other dogs for many months.
Canine Cough/Kennel Cough
Canine cough is a condition produced by several highly infectious agents, which can be easily spread wherever dogs congregate, such as parks, shows, obedience schools and boarding kennels. Among the infectious agents associated with canine cough is the bacterium known as Bordetella bronchiseptica and the canine viruses parainfluenza, adenovirus type 2.
Affected dogs have a dry hacking cough which can persist for several weeks. It is distressing, both for the dog and its owner(s). It is a major problem for working and sporting dogs. Pneumonia can also be a consequence of infection.
This vaccine is usually offered as an optional extra as part of a routine, annual vaccination, but will be required any time your dog goes into a kennel. The kennel owner will always ask to see proof that your dog has been vaccinated against kennel cough, which we can provide in the form of a vaccination card or certificate.