Gastric Dilatation Volvulus


Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) is a life-threatening condition most commonly seen in large, deep-chested dogs. However, it can also occur in smaller dogs and uncommonly cats.

The condition occurs when the stomach fills with gas, causing a gastric dilatation (bloat). A GDV refers to when this bloat progresses into a volvulus, in which the bloated gas-filled stomach twists upon itself, resulting in both the stomach entrance and exit becoming blocked.

This is an extremely painful condition that, if left untreated, can be fatal.

What Causes This Condition?

The exact cause of GDV is still unknown. However, many factors can increase the risk.

• Excessive exercise after ingestion of large meals can increase risk.

• Feeding only one large meal a day can increase risk.

 What Are The Signs / Symptoms?

Some signs / symptoms that your pet may display include:

• Bloated or distended abdomen

• Pain & discomfort

• Collapse

• Retching

• Excessive salivation

• Pale mucous membranes (pale gums)

Radiology and other diagnostics can be performed to determine if your pet has GDV.

 What Treatment is Involved?

The treatment of this condition involves stabilisation of the patient, decompression of the stomach and emergency surgery to return the stomach to the normal position.