There are two broad categories of worms that may affect your pets: intestinal worms and heartworm. Please see our heartworm page for more information.
Worming is one of the first health care issues you need to address as pet owners, especially since puppies and kittens are the most susceptible. As their name suggests, intestinal worms are parasites that live inside your pet’s intestines. These worms range in size from small to surprisingly large (up to 18cm in length). Regardless of their size however, they all have negative, and potentially deadly effects.
Most species of animal, can be infected with intestinal worms including dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, fish, birds and reptiles. You or your children can also be infected by intestinal worms from your pets.
Common intestinal worms in Australian pets are:
If your pet has a large number of worms they may find it difficult to maintain body condition and may lose weight. In some cases, infestation can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and even anaemia (a low red blood cell level). Occasionally, heavy intestinal worm burdens can cause death.
Worms sometimes have complex lifecycles which involve a period of existence and development outside your pet. Understanding the life cycle of a specific worm is important so that strategies for treatment and prevention can be designed and implemented. For instance, some tapeworms need to pass through fleas to complete their lifecycle, so flea prevention is an important part of controlling tapeworms.
It is important to maintain a routine worming treatment for your pets, to reduce the incidence of infection and to reduce environmental contamination. There are many worming treatments available for you to use for the various worms. These are available as tablets, spot-ons, or pastes. Re-infection is a common problem, particularly in pets that are in contact with a heavily contaminated environment. Another very important reason to worm your pets is to protect your family; as children in particular can become infected with certain dog and cat worms.
Below are some tips for you, to help with intestinal worm prevention:
- Promptly clean up pet faeces
- Practise good hygiene, always encouraging children to wash their hands regularly (especially after playing in dirt or sandpits, playing with pets or prior to eating)
- Prevent children from playing where the soil may be contaminated with faeces
- Keep your pet's environment clean
- Always dispose of dog faeces in public parks and playgrounds
Please call us to discuss an intestinal worming program for your pet.